is my fanciful drawing and simplified explanation of how diabetes
affects your cat.
compounds are involved, the Glucose molecule (drawn
to the far upper left) and the much larger insulin
molecule next to it. Both compounds circulate freely in your cat’s
blood. The glucose came from the foods your cat ate or was produced
in its liver from stored carbohydrates (glycogen)
and proteins. The insulin molecules were produced in its pancreas.
is the primary energy source for the estimated 5-10 trillion cells
that compose your cat’s body.
the upper right is a fanciful image of one of those cells. Glucose
molecules can not pass into these cells without the aid of insulin.
And in Type II diabetes, insulin is less effective in allowing
glucose to enter and the amount of it present may be reduced.
Once inside the cells, the glucose is taken up by the cells many
or single mitochondria
represented as oval yellow bodies with honeycomb compartments.
cat's mitochondria function as microscopic “power plants”
generating the chemical energy all cells need - much of it by
the lower right of the illustration, I drew the cats liver and
intestines, with the cat’s pinkish pancreas snuggled between
loops of its small intestine. Within its pancreas are many small
island, the islets
of Langerhans. These are the portions of your cat’s
pancreas that secrete insulin. The microscopic view of these island-areas
that I drew, shows one with a normal functioning islet and another,
to the left of it, in which the islet is no longer producing insulin
due to the presence of amyloid.