Normal Feline & Canine Blood Chemistry Values
Blood, Temperature , Urine and Other Values for Your Dog and Cat

To see many of the reasons why your pet's chemistry value is abnormal, go to DxMe

For some common veterinary abbreviations go here

FDR & His Dog Fala and Bill & Socks

Ron Hines DVM PhD

Lots of my articles are plagiarized and altered on the web to market products and services. There are never ads running or anything for sale with my real articles. Try to stay with the ones with http://www.2ndchance.info/ in the URL box or find all my articles at ACC.htm.

Deciding what are“normal” test results in your pet is not that easy. Just as in healthy people, no two pets have exactly the same results. So what may be “normal” in one pet may be abnormal in another. When a test result is out of range it needs to be interpreted in light of how your pet is feeling and the problems that brought your pet in for testing in the first place. The two major blood analysis corporations in the USA, Antech and Idexx, though similar, are not identical in the values they consider normal. However, their "normal values" do not vary that much.

You Can Read About The Actual Causes Of Many Abnormal Test Result Here.

The normal values given in this color type are taken from some of my patient's 2012-2013 Antech Diagnostics Lab reports. In non-emergency situations, request that your pet's blood sample be sent to a national laboratory for analysis rather than being performed at your local animal hospital (ref). These large labs usually have the staff and resources to insure more accurate results. Read about that here. It is always safest to have an abnormal test result confirmed on more than one occasion before deciding that it is truly significant.

You can see sample reports as your veterinarian might receive them here and here.

TEST
Unit of Measure
DOG
CAT
ACTH Stimulation Test
nmol/L

13.8 - 137.9 pre

151.75 - 469 post (ref)

 
A/G ratio (albumin to globulin ratio)
ratio
0.8 – 2.0
0.35 – 1.5
Albumin
g/L
2.7 - 4.4
2.5 – 3.9
Alkaline Phosphatase (Alk Phos, ALP)
u/L
10 - 150
6 – 102
ALT(Alanine Aminotransferase, SGPT)
u/L
5 - 107
10-100
Ammonia (in blood)
μmol/L
2-110
Some give <35.7 µmol/L (50 µg/mL)  (ref)
 
Amylase (serum)
u/L
290 - 1125
100 - 1200
ANA (anti- nuclear antibody)
titer
<10, <40 ?
<10, <40 ?
Anion Gap (serum)*
mEq/L
8 – 25
10 - 33
AST (aspertate transaminase SGOT)
u/L
5 - 55
10-100
Basophils (Basos)
%
0 - 1
0 - 1
Basophils (Basos)
Total# /µL
0 - 150
0 - 150
Bicarbonate
mmol/L or mEq/L
18 – 25
17 – 22
Bile acids
u mol/L
< 10
< 10
Bilirubin (indirect)
mg/dL
0 – 0.4
0 – 0.4
Bilirubin (Total bilirubin)
mmol/L
0.9 – 10.5
1.2 – 7.9
Bilirubin (Total bilirubin)
mg/dL
0.1 – 0.3
0.1 - 0.4
Bleeding Time
In minutes

1.4 - 3.5

Clinically <4

1.5 - 2. 5

Blood ......in urine

number per high power field /hpf

Up to 5 some say <3

Up to 5 some say <3
Blood Pressure ** (systolic)
mmHg
120-150
124-160
Body Temperature (rectal) 101 – 101.5 – 102.2 F, 39C
Fahrenheit/centigrd
101 – 102.5 F, 38- 39C
101.5 – 102.2 F, 39C
Breaths per minute
------
18-34
16-40
BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) USA/Canada
mg/dL
6 – 25
14– 36
BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) Euro/UK
mmol/L

2.5 – 7.0

2.5 - 9.6

5.0 – 11.0

5.7- 12.9

BUN/Creatinine
ratio
4-27
4 – 33
Calcium (in blood)
mg/dL
8.9 - 11.4
8.2 - 10.8
Calcium (in blood)
mmol/L
2.2 – 3.0
2.0 – 2.7
Chloride
mEq/L or mmol/L
102 – 120
104 - 128
Cholesterol
mg/dL
92 - 324
75 - 220
Cholesterol
mmol/L
3.0 – 6.6
1.8 – 4.2
Cholinesterase
u/L
1,895– 5,240
736 – 3,016
CK (CPK, Creatine Kinase)
u/L
59 - 895
56 - 529
CO2 (in blood)
mmol/L
15 - 25
12 - 30
Coagulation Time (glass)
minutes
6 – 8
6 – 8
Cobalamin (vit B -12)
ng/L
251 - 908
290 - 1,500
Cortisol (resting normal value)
ug/dL
1.0 - 5.0
1.0 - 4.5
cPL (canine pancreas-specific lipase)
µg/L
< or = 200
---
C-Reactive Protein
mg/L
0 - 7.6
 
Creatinine
mg/dL
0.5 – 1.6
0.6– 2.4
Creatinine
mmol/L
44 – 138
49 – 165
Creatinine (in urine)
mg/dL
100 - 500
 
CRT Capillary Refill Time
seconds
1-2
1-2
cTLI (canine trypsin-like immunoreactivity)
5 - 35
---
D-Dimer
ng/ml (A&M)
116.2 - 371.5
 
Eosinophils (Eos)
%
2 - 10
2 – 12
Eosinophils (Eos)
Total# /µL
0 - 1200
0 - 1000

Fecal Alpha1-Proteinase Inhibitor (α1-PI)

ug/gm
2.2-18.7

 

0.04-1.6

 

Fibrinogen
mg/dl
150 – 400
150 – 400
Fibrinogen
g/L
1 – 4
0.5 – 3
Folate
µg/L
7.7 - 24.4
9.7 - 21.6
fPL (feline pancreas-specific lipase)
µg/L
---
< 3.5
Free T - 4 (FT4)
pmol/L
8 - 40
10 - 50
Free T4 (FT4)
ng/dL
0.6 - 3.7
Fructosamine (UofGA Lab)
µmol/L
258-343
175-400
Gestation Period (Pregnancy)
days
62 – 63
63 – 64
GGT (GGTP)Gamma-glutamyl transferase
u/L
0 - 14
1 - 10
Globulin (total, blood)
g/dL
1.6 - 3.6
2.3 - 5.3
Globulin (total, blood)
g/L
Glucose
mg/dL
70 - 138
64 - 170
Glucose
mmol/L
3.9– 7.8
3.9– 9.4
HCO3 of venous blood
mEq/L
19 - 24 
19 - 24 
Heart rate
Beats/minute
70-120
120-170
Hematocrit (PCV packed cell volume)
%
36 - 55
29 - 48
Hemoglobin (Hg, HgB)
g/dL
12.1 - 20.3
9.3 - 15.9
Hemoglobin (Hg, HgB)
g/L
120 – 180
80 – 150
Insulin
μIU/mL
5– 20
5 – 20
Iron
µg/dL
46 – 241
42 – 165
Ionized Calcium
mg/dL
1.24 – 1.43
1.16 - 1.34
Iron binding capacity (TIBC)
µg//dL
363 – 475
296 - 318
LDH (Lactate dehydrogenase)
u/L
20 - 500
20 - 500
Lipase
u/L
77 - 695
10 - 205
Lipase-DCL
u/L
65 – 691
5 – 222
Lipase,Pancreas-Specific
µg/L
less than 200
Less than 3.5
Lymphocytes (Lymphs, Lymphos)
% of WBCs
12 – 30
20 – 45
Lymphocytes (Lymphs, Lymphos)
Total# /µL
690 - 4500
1200 - 8000
Magnesium (blood)
mEq/L
1.5 - 2.5
1.5 - 2.5
Magnesium (blood)
mmol/L
0.7 –1.1
0.8 – 1.2
MCH (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin)
pg
19 - 28
11 - 21
MCV (mean corpuscular volume)
femto-liters (fL or µm3)
58 - 79
37 - 61
Mean corpuscular Hgb concentration (MCHC)
g/dl
30 - 38
30 – 38

Microalbumin (urine) Urine prot/creat ratio (UP/C) is a better test

mg/dL
<2.5
<2.5
Monocytes (Monos)
% of WBCs
3 – 10
1 – 4
Monocytes (Monos)
Total# /µL
0 - 840
0 - 600

Myeloid/erythroid ratio (M:E ratio)
ratio
0.75 to 2.50:1
0.6-3.9:1
Myoglobin as abnormal blood or urine finding
-
-
Neutrophils Total BANDS, stabs, immaures, granulocytes
% of WBCs
0 –3
0 – 3

Neutrophils (BANDS, stabs, immaures, granulocytes)

Total# /µL
0.0-300
0 -150
Neutrophils (segs, matures, POLYS, granulocytes)
% of WBCs
60 – 77
35 – 75
Neutrophils (segs, matures, polys, granulocytes)
Total# /µL
2060 - 10600
2500 - 8500
Osmolality, Calculated (of blood)
mosm/L
277 - 311
299 - 330

PCO2 of venous blood

mm Hg
40 - 45
40 - 45
PCV (packed cell volume, hematocrit)
%
37-55
29-45
pH (of blood)
-------
7.32 – 7.42
7.24 – 7.40
pH (of urine)
-------
5.5 - 7.0
5.5 – 7.0
Phosphate
mg/dL
2.3 – 6.5
2.7 – 6.5
Phosphorus
mg/dL
2.5 - 6.0
2.4 - 8.2
Phosphorus
mmol/L
1.0 – 2.0
1.3 – 2.4
Phosphorus
mg/dcL
2.8 – 6.2
3.7 – 9.3
Platelets Estimated
microscope
Adequate
Adequate
Platelet Count
105/µl³
2 – 9
3 – 7
Platelet Count
Total#x109/L or x103/µL
170 - 400
200 - 500
Potassium
mEq/L or mmol/L
3.6 – 5.5
3.4 - 5.6
Pro:Creat (urine) (protein:creatinine ratio) = UPC
ratio
</=0.5
</=0.5
Protein (Total, blood) TP
gm/dL
5.0 – 7.4
5.2 – 8.8
Protein (blood plasma)
g/L
55 - 75
57 – 80
Protein (in blood serum)
gm/L
50 - 75
60 – 82
Protein (total amt in urine)
mg/dL
varies on how dilute or concentrated the urine is (ref)
varies on how dilute or concentrated the urine is (ref)
Prothrombin Time
seconds
10 – 25
10 – 25
PTH (parathyroid hormone)
20 – 130
0 – 40
Pulse
Beats/minute
70-120
120-170
RBC (red blood cell count, erythrocyte ct )
In million cells/mcL Or cmm
4.8 - 9.3
5.92 - 9.93
RDW (Red Cell Distribution Width)
%
14 – 19
14 – 31
Respiratory rate
per minute
18-34
16-40
Reticulocytes
%
0.0-1.5
0–1.0
Reticulocyte Count
K/ul
10-110
SDH (Succinate dehydrogenase)
u/L
3.1 – 19
2.4 –12

SDMA Symmetric dimethylarginine

μg/dL
0–14
0–14
Sodium
mEq/L or mmol/L
139 – 154
145 - 158
Specific gravity(of urine) Sp Gr
------
1.015-1.050
1.015-1.060
Spec fPL
µg/L
------
0.1 - 3.5
T 3
µg/dL
45 – 150
40 -150
T 4
µg/dL
0.8 – 2.9
TCO2 (~bicarbonate)
mEq/L
17 - 24
TIBC (Total iron-binding capacity)
µg/dL
235 – 495 203 - 398
Total Protein
g/dL
5.0 - 7.4
5.2- 8.8
Total Protein (in urine)
mg/dL
varies on how dilute or concentrated the urine is (ref)
varies on how dilute or concentrated the urine is (ref)
Triglycerides
mg/dL
29 – 291
25 - 160
TSH (cTSH)
0.00 –0.60
0.00 –0.30
Urea Nitrogen (Blood urea nitrogen, BUN)
mg/dL
6 - 25
14 - 36
Urea
mg/dL
8.7 – 30.5
13.4 – 32.5
Uric Acid
mg/dL
0.2 – 0.9
0 – 0.5

Urine Protein:creatinine ratio (UP/C) UPC

ratio
< 0.2 – 0.4
< 0.2
WBC (white blood cell count, leukocyte count)
Cells x 103 /cubic mm of blood = /µL
4.0 - 15.5
3.5 - 16.0
WBC (white blood cells found in urine)

Per High Power Field /hpf

 

0 - 3 some say <5
0 - 3 some say <5
Whole Blood Coag-Time in Glass
minutes
2-4
2-5
TEST
Unit of Measure
DOG
CAT

*Ettinger gives normal base excess as -5 to 5 mEq/L

** results obtained on one machine can not be compared to another (ref)

............................................. DxMe

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