>>


Dear Reader, All advertisements on this site 
are selected by Google, not Dr. Hines
If you have a cat that is + for feline leukemia
or feline AIDS and it received raltegravir 
(Isentress ®) = a human AIDS  medication, 
feline interferon omega, thiamine, 
niacinamide or slippery elm bark in its treatment
plan; I would very much appreciate 
knowing  the results. RSH email

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What Your Dog And

Cat 's Lab, Urine

And Blood Work Results Mean

 

Ron Hines DVM PhD

DxMe

Your veterinarian relies on 4 things to decide what is wrong with your pet: the history you provide, the physical exam, diagnostic imaging (x-rays, ultrasound etc) and a variety of laboratory tests (the four pillars of diagnosis). I can't help you right now with the first three, but here are my thoughts on the tests:

Very few tests are stand-alone tests. Like trees in a forest, they tell the most when they are considered as a group. Diagnosing your cat or dog's health issue needs to be based on the best fit of all the laboratory tests that were performed; melded with the other data in your pet's case history. That needs to be done by your local veterinarian - not by you, not by me.

Always verify your conclusions and make your pet's health decisions based on several trusted sources of information - not just mine. Keep in mind that errors, omissions and disagreements will always occur when a subject as enormous as the meaning of a dog or cat's blood and urine test values is considered. Please remain mindful that I am just one veterinarian in a small South Texas border town - not an illustrious university professor with staff and resources. No one proof reads my website articles- other than you.

 

 

ACTH Stimulation Test
Checks Your Pet's Adrenal Gland Function

A:G Ratio

aka Albumin to Globulin ratio

Albumin

aka ALB Level In Your Pet's Blood

Alkaline Phosphatase

aka AP, Alk Phos, ALP, SAP, ALP

ALT

aka Alanine Aminotransferase, previously called SGPT, Glutamic PyruvicTransaminase, GPT

Ammonia

Level In Your Pet's Blood
Amylase Level In Your Pet's Blood
ANA aka Anti-nuclear Antibody or ANF
Anion Gap Of You Pet's Blood Serum
Anisocytosis Of Your Pet's Red Blood Cells
Antibody Titer In Your Pet's Blood
APTT aka Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time

AST

aka Aspertate Transaminase , SGOT
Anti-Thyroid Antibodies In Your Pet's Blood

Autoagglutination Positive

Blood Sample

Azotemia Present In Your Pet's Blood Stream
Bacteria In Your Pet's Urine .......... aka Bacteriuria
Basophils aka Basos In Your Pet's Blood
Bicarbonate aka or similar to Total CO2; TCO2, CarbonDioxide Content, CO2 Content; Bicarb; HCO3  Level In Your Pet's Blood

Bile Acids

Level In Your Pet's Blood

Bilirubin

akaTotal Bilirubin,TBIL - In Your Pet's Blood
Bilirubin Level aka Bilirubinuria - In Your Pet's Urine

Bleeding Time

aka Bucal Mucosal Bleeding Time,Toenail Bleeding Time
Blood Chemistry Panel
Description of test options

Blood In Your Pet's Urine

aka Hematuria

Blood Pressure

aka Systemic Hypertension or Hypotension
Body Temperature aka Hyperthermia, Fever, Hypothermia

Breaths Per Minute

high = Hyperpnea, Tachypnea

BUN

aka Blood Urea, Blood Urea Nitrogen

BUN/Creatinine Ratio

In Your Pet's Blood
C - Reactive Protein Level In Your Pet's Blood
Calcium .......... Level Free In Your Pet's Blood
Casts Seen In Your Pet's Urine
CBC and Chemistry Panel aka Complete Blood Cell Count and Blood Chemistry Tests
Chloride (Cl-) Level In Your Pet's Blood
Cholesterol Level In Your Pet's Blood

Cholinesterase

Level In Your Pet's Blood
CK aka CPK, Creatine Kinase Level In Your Pet's Blood
Clotting Time (on glass) The Speed At Which Your Pet's Blood Clots

CO2

Level In Blood aka TCO2, Bicarbonate test, HCO3, Carbon dioxide test, TCO2, Total CO2, CO2 test
Coagulation Time aka alternative clotting time method, Buccal Mucosal.Bleeding Time

Cobalamin

aka vit B-12 assay - On Your Pet's Blood Sample
Coombs Test On Your Pet's Blood Sample
Cortisol Resting (non-stressed) Blood "Normal" Value
Cortisol:Creatinine Ratio aka UC:Cr Index - In Your Pet's Urine
cPL

aka PLI, Canine Pancreas-specific Lipase Test, Pancreatic Lipase Immunoreactivity

This is not your dog’s serum lipase level

Creatinine aka CREA Level In Your Pet's Blood
Creatinine Level In Your Pet's Urine
CRT Your Pet's Capillary Refill Time
Crystals Seen Microscopically In Your Pet's Urine aka Crystaluria
cTLI and fTLI aka Canine or Feline Trypsin-like Immunoreactivity, TLI - In Your Pet's Blood
D-Dimer Assay Level In Your Pet's Blood

Dexamethasone Supression Tests

Low and High-dose methods, aka LDDST, HDDST
Differential White Blood Cell Count aka WBC, ~ WBC+RBCs = CBC

Electrolytes

Electrolyte Balance In You Pet's Blood
Eosinophils aka Eos - Number In Your Pet's Blood
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate aka ESR, sed rate - Settling Rate Of Your Pet's Blood
Fecal Alpha-1-Protease Inhibitor Activity aka Fca1-Pl Activity In Your Pet's Stool
Fibrinogen Level In Your Pet's Blood
Folate aka Folic Acid, Vitamin B9 - Level In Your Pet's Blood

fPL

aka PLI, Feline Pancreas-specific Lipase Test, Pancreatic Lipase Immunoreactivity  This is not your cat’s serum lipase level
Free T- 4 aka FT4 - In Your Pet's Blood
Fructosamine aka Glycated Blood Albumen - Level In Your Pet's Blood
Glutamate Dehydrogenase aka GLDH or GDH - Level In Your Pet's Blood

GGT

aka GGTP,  gGT, Gamma glutamyl transferase -.Levels In Your Pet's Blood
Globulin aka GLOB - Total Combined Level In Your Pet's.Blood
Glucose aka GLU, Blood Sugar Level
Glucose In Your Pet's Urine
Glycosylated Hemoglobin aka Glycohemoglobin, Glycated Hemoglobin - In Your Pet's Blood

Heart Rate

Same As Your Pet' Pulse

Hemolysis Index

Of Your Pet's Blood Sample
Hematocrit aka PCV, Hct, packed cell volume, PCV - Of Your Pet's Blood , LOW=ANEMIA
Hemoglobin aka Hg, HgB - Content In Your Pet's Blood LOW=ANEMIA
Icterus Index A Blood Measurement Of Jaundice
Insulin Level In Your Pet's Blood
Ionized Calcium aka Ionized Calcium, Free Calcium, Available Calcium - In Your Pet's Blood
Iron In Your Pet's Blood Serum
Iron Binding Capacity aka TIBC Of Your Pet's Blood
Jaundice aka icterus, the yellowish skin color of liver problems or red blood cell destruction
Ketone In Your Pet's Urine
LDH aka Lactate Dehydrogenase - Level In Your Pet's Blood
Lipase aka LIP, Serum Lipase - In Your Pet's Blood
Lipemia Index aka Lipemic Index Of Your Pet's Blood Sample (fatty blood sample)

Lymphocytes

aka Lymphs, Lymphos - Number In Your Pet's Blood
Magnesium Mg Level In Your Pet's Blood
MCH aka The Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Level Of Your Pet's Red Blood Cells
MCHC The Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration Of Your Pet's Red Blood Cells
MCV Mean Corpuscular Volume or The Size Of Your Pet's Red Blood Cells

Microalbumin

aka MA - Of Your Pet's Urine or Urine (Or See Urine P:C Ratio)
Monocytes aka Monos In Your Pet's Blood
Myeloid/Erythroid ratio aka M:E ratio (Of A Bone Marrow Sample)
Myoglobin Free In Your Pet's Blood or Urine
Neutrophils aka Segs, Matures, POLYS, Granulocytes, Polymorphonuclear Granulocytes, PMNs In Your Pet's Blood

Neutrophils , Band

Immature Neutrophils aka Band Cells, Stab Cells, Immatures
Nitrite In Your Pet’s Urine

Osmolality

The Concentration Ingredients Dissolved In Your Pet's Blood

Oxalate Crystals

In Your Pet's Urine

Pancreatic Lipase Immunoreactivity

aka: PLI, fPLx, cPLx, Pancreas-specific Lipase Level - In Your Pet's Blood This is not your pet's total blood lipase level
Parathyroid Hormone aka PTH Level In Your Pet's Blood
PCV aka Packed Cell Volume, Hematocrit , HCT - Of Your.Pet's Blood
pH Of Your Pet's Blood
pH Of Your Pet's Urine
Phosphorus aka Phosphate, PHOS - Level In Your Pet's Blood
Platelets aka PLT, Thrombocytes, Estimated Number or Blood Platelet/ Thrombocyte Count
Poikilocytes aka Poikilocytosis - % Of Your Pet's Red Blood Cells
Potassium aka K+ Level In Your Pet's Blood
ProBNP Test aka Cardio-BNP Test, NT-proBNP, B-type natriuretic peptide
Protein:Creatinine Ratio aka Pro:Creat, - In Your Pet's Urine
Protein

aka Proteinuria - In Your Pet's Urine

(For TP or Blood Protein Levels, go here)

Prothrombin Time

aka PT - Of Your Pet's Blood
Pulse Your Pet's Heart Rate
RBCs aka Red Blood Cell Count, - Your Pet's Blood .Erythrocyte Count
RDW aka Red Cell Distribution Width, RCDW - Of Your Pet's Red Blood Cells
Respiratory Rate Your Pet's Breathing Rate
Reticulocyte Count aka Retics - In Your Pet's Blood
SDH aka Sorbitol dehydrogenase aka Iditol dehydrogenase, ID, SD Level In Your Pet's Blood

SDMA (Symmetric dimethylarginine)

 

In Your Pet's Blood
Sediment In Your Pet's Urine
Sedimentation rate aka Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate,Sed Rate, ESR, Westergren ESR - Of Your Pet's .Blood
Sodium aka Na+ Level In Your Pet's Blood
Sodium:Potassium Ratio aka Na:K Ratio - In Your Pet's Blood Na+:K+
Specific Gravity. aka  Sp Gr, USG - Of Your Pet's Urine
SSA Test aka Urine Sulfosalicylic Acid Test - For Protein InYour Pet's Urine
Struvite Crystals In Your Pet's Urine

T3

aka Triiodothyronine - Level In Your Pet's Blood

T4

aka Total T4, Total Thyroxine Level In Your Pet's Blood
Thrombin Clot Time aka TCT, Thrombin Time,TT - Of Your Pet's Blood
TIBC aka Total Iron-binding Capacity Of Your Pet's Blood
Total Protein aka TP Level In Your Pet's Blood

Triglyceride

Level In Your Pet's Blood

Trypsin-like Immunoreactivity

akaTLI Level - In Your Pet's Blood
TSH Level aka Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Level - In Your Pet's Blood
Turbidity aka Cloudiness of Your Pet's Blood Serum
Urinalysis All Components

Urobilinogen

Amount In Your Pet's Urine

Uric Acid

Level In Your Pet's Blood or Urine
Vitamin D 3 aka Cholecalciferol, Calcitriol, 25-hydroxyvitamin D test, 25(OH)D3 - In Your Pet's Blood
von Willibrand Factor aka vWf, vWD - Presence In Your Dog Or, Perhaps , Cat  
WBCs aka White Blood Cell Count, CBC, Leukocyte Count, Leukogram
WBCs

aka White Blood Cells

In Your Pet's Urine

Whole Blood Coagulation Time on Glass

aka Clotting Time - Of Your Pet's Blood dxme